Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

Geographic coordinates:

8 30 N, 11 30 W

Map references:



  • total: 71,740 sq km
  • land: 71,620 sq km
  • water: 120 sq km

country comparison to the world: 119

Area - comparative:

Slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:

  • total: 1,093 km
  • border countries (2): Guinea 794 km, Liberia 299 km


402 km

Maritime claims:

  • territorial sea: 12 nm
  • contiguous zone: 24 nm
  • exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
  • continental shelf: 200 nm


tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)


coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east


  • mean elevation: 279 m
  • elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
  • highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m

Natural resources:

Diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

Land use:

  • agricultural land: 56.2%
  • arable land 23.4%; permanent crops 2.3%; permanent pasture 30.5%
  • forest: 37.5%
  • other: 6.3% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land:

300 sq km (2012)

Natural hazards:

Dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms Environment - current issues: rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleted natural resources; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:

Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Geography - note:

Rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa